Cannabis plants have been grown since at least the 3rd millennium BCE, and there is some strong evidence that suggests it was smoked for psychoactive effects in the Pamir Mountains in Central Asia at least 2,500 years ago.
Cannabis plants contain around 483 known compounds, including at least 65 cannabinoids. These naturally-occurring compounds interact at a molecular level with the body’s endocannabinoid system, responsible for regulating a balanced state of homeostasis.
The two most easily recognized Cannabis compounds are Phyto-cannabinoids known as cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Even though CBD and THC have almost identical chemical structures, they interact differently with the receptors in the body due to the slight variance of one hydrogen atom.
What is CBD?
CBD is naturally produced in the flowers of all Cannabis and Hemp plants. With less than 0.3% of THC, Hemp plants have historically been cultivated specifically for industrial use in the production of a wide range of goods and materials.
All of the CBD used in the production of CannaUnion products has been sourced entirely from Hemp. CBD is not psychoactive, and Hemp has only negligible THC levels, so you will not feel “high” no matter how much you consume.
What is THC?
Until recently, Tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, has been the most well-known Cannabis compound. In some ways, THC is similar to CBD in that it also interacts with the endocannabinoid receptors to help promote a balanced homeostasis in the body.
But unlike CBD, the THC compounds are solely responsible for inducing the “stoned” effects of a psychoactive high which can last anywhere from two to six hours. This ‘high” generally cause a variety of mental and physical effects, including heightened moods, perception changes, and increased appetite commonly referred to as “the munchies”.
A review in 2012 found that worldwide THC content of Cannabis plants had increased overall from the years 1970 to 2009. It is unclear if these increased levels of THC caused people to consume more THC, but it is quite likely that a higher THC content means less ingestion of tar.
Alternatively, the CBD levels of seized samples were much lower, most likely because illegal growers prefer production methods that yield the highest levels possible of THC. One example would be indoor cultivation using artificial lights and hydroponic setups. While this method is good for avoiding detection, it reduces the production of CBD.
Why is CBD preferable to THC?
While both CBD and THC do have many of the same health and wellness benefits, the consumption and application of our range of CBD products are non-addictive and cause zero side effects.
Whereas even Cannabis with below-average levels of THC can still create side effects, such as red or irritated eyes, cottonmouth, impaired judgment or motor skills, protracted reaction times, short-term memory loss, and feelings of anxiety or paranoia.
Plus, continued consumption of THC and/or regular use during the teenage years may also cause long-term side effects, including decreased impaired brain development, mental ability, behavioral problems, addiction, and possibly psychosis.
Preliminary evidence suggests that these side effects are caused by the THC components; and that CBD seems to help with protection and healing.
To put it simply, our range of CBD products can provide the necessary support of the endocannabinoid system, without the added risk of side effects or ill-health.
How do CBD & THC work?
A professor in Jerusalem first discovered and then isolated the THC cannabinoid sometime in the 1960s. He later located the corresponding THC and cannabinoid receptors in the human body.
This process is made up of three components that all work harmoniously together: cannabinoid receptors, metabolic enzymes, and the body’s naturally-occurring endocannabinoids.
This process was eventually called the endocannabinoid system, which helps maintain the body’s physiological homeostasis. Some important functions are affected by the endocannabinoid system including sleep, mood, and appetite.
Do CBD products cause positive drug tests?
Use of THC-infused Cannabis can often cause euphoric or psychoactive effects, so both employers and the police will expect any tests for THC to return a negative result. Most of these drug tests can detect it in urine, plasma, hair, or saliva.
Like most other Full Spectrum CBD products available on the market today, our entire range is are made using hemp extracts. These extracts typically have extremely low concentrations of less than 0.3% THC, which means they do not produce any kind of psychoactive high whatsoever.
CBD oil derived from hemp only contains trace amounts of THC, so failing a drug test would be uncommon. But unfortunately, it is still possible that even small amounts of THC may register a positive result on some drug tests. And patients who require a much larger daily dose of CBD are far more likely to return a positive reading.
Alternatively, Cannaunion Isolate CBD is created with absolutely no THC at all. This means that anyone who is regularly subjected to drug tests at work can consume Isolate CBD without worry.
Where can you buy CBD products legally?
Cannabis products have an average total THC content of at least 1% so they are prohibited in Europe under the Narcotics Ordinance.
CBD products with less than 1% THC are not subject to the Narcotics Act in Switzerland. These CBD products are legal to purchase in all countries in Europe, with the exception of Slovakia.
The range of CBD products are not covered by the Narcotics Act, so their use is instead governed by each individual product category. That means some CBD products will fall under the Therapeutic Products Act, others will be a part of the Food Act, and even more will be subject to the Federal Act on Product Safety.