The legal framework for Germany CBD is so ambiguous, that the Germany Hemp/Cannabis Association recommends not trading in hemp flower in the country at all.

With Europe’s largest economy, Germany is the global leader many diverse industries and is now also the frontrunner for the largest potential European cannabis market.

Germany has the largest medicinal cannabis market in Europe.

While Germany is dwarfed when compared to France in the amount of industrial hemp produced, the country is still one of Europe’s top five countries for and is expected to grow even more.

Recreational cannabis is illegal, but punishments in Germany have become progressively lenient over the past few years as global attitudes continue to shift.

The police union called for decriminalization in 2018 which is a good indication that Germany is gearing up for future reforms.


Germany CBD Legislation

Hemp / CBD Oil – Hemp or CBD products with THC levels below 0.2% are legal.

Pharmaceutical Cannabis – Dronabinol, Sativex, Nabilone are legal for medical use.

Medical Cannabis – Consumption & cultivation is legal with permission from BfArM.

Recreational Cannabis – Inconsistent. Possession is prohibited, but around 6 to 15 grams may be tolerated depending on the region.

Germany CBD Legal Status Overview

Medical cannabis in Germany has been legal since 2017, allowing the majority of pharmaceutical cannabis medications, as well as cannabis flowers used for medical purposes. Even though the country’s medical cannabis programs have not been completely established, they are looking like some of the more robust in the EU.

In 2017, Germany also established BfArM, the German Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices. Their first task was to create 11 cannabis production licenses and then oversee the delivery of the tendering program for potential licensees. Firms were graded on domestic cultivation with a focus on infrastructure, quality standards, security plans, and price.

Two years, multiple delays, and a few court cases later, Germany looks ready to hand to out the licenses to three firms who will split a 4-year tender to grow 10400 kgs between them.

An estimated 30000 patients were supplied with 22000 kgs imported medical cannabis in 2018. Given the new licensing system’s 10,400 kgs legal limit, it is unlikely that there will be enough domestic cannabis grown to meet demands.

For many years, Germany has been dependent on imported cannabis from other countries, so will likely continue importation to compensate for the domestic shortfall. During a 6 month period before March 2018, the initial maximum amount allowed by legislation of 2100 kgs of medical cannabis was imported into the country from Canada and the Netherlands.

Germany CBD Law Reform

Germany’s community of cannabis advocates is well-established and accompanied by a robust research environment, so decriminalization does looks likely.

That being said, it is unlikely that a regulated cannabis market for use by adults will be a reality earlier than 2022 or before Germany’s next election.

Canna Union CBD products which have less than 0.2% CBD can be legally purchased and consumed in Germany, according to the Narcotics Law 2017. Check out our Germany CBD range today!




Data Source: The Cannabis Legal Report and The European Cannabis Report